Important milestones in the restoration of human skulls that were transferred from Rwanda to Germany during the colonial era (1898 to 1916) are anticipated to be reached by researchers.
The aforementioned skulls were brought to Germany by the colonialists from several of the nations that constituted the erstwhile “German East Africa,” a German colony that comprised sections of Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, and a tiny area of Mozambique.
After years of research, officials at the museums in Berlin are prepared to repatriate the artifacts to their respective nations, which includes Rwanda.
Scientists analyzed 1,135 skulls at the Berlin Museum of Prehistory and Early History. Of them, 904 might be attributed to regions in what is now Rwanda, 202 to Tanzania.
The New Times was informed by Professor Charles Kabwete Mulinda, a Rwandan historian involved in the study, that the present phase of the investigation is centered on the skulls’ potential for repatriation to Rwanda. He states that it should be finished by the beginning of next year.
He said, “It’s possible that we’ll be done by early next year.”
Decisions between Rwanda and Germany at the political and diplomatic levels must be made before the repatriation process can begin.
According to the professor, the study revealed that they came from 13 modern Rwandan districts, including Burera, Nyagatare, Huye, and others.
Why Germany took the skulls ?
The skulls are believed to have been sent to Germany for scientific study.
It continues, “The 19th-century colonial powers conducted medical and physical-anthropological research to learn more about the ways in which human races differed, whether physical differences explained variations in human intelligence, and whether certain human races were superior or inferior.”
According to a statement by the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation, the bulk of the skulls come from burial locations, particularly cemeteries or burial caves, but some also come from local execution sites and in some cases from German executions.