According to information obtained by The New Times, the newly adopted national artificial intelligence policy calls for a $76.5 million investment to be made over the course of the next five years.

However, of the entire investment, at least $1.2 million has already been planned or authorized as Rwanda seeks to use AI to drive economic growth, enhance quality of life, and establish itself as a leader in the world for inclusive and responsible AI.
Artificial intelligence, or AI for short, is any technology that makes it possible for machines to mimic human senses, comprehension, and action.

It is mostly employed in two ways: first, by automating a very narrow or particular activity in order to build the capacity to properly execute a certain task, and second.

The other category includes technology systems that possess intellectual capacity across areas that is at least as high as that of an individual.

Massive possibilities for Rwanda

The policy is being released at a time when, despite AI’s recent surge in popularity, many market indicators show that it is a top business priority.

For instance, a report from Stanford University’s Institute for Human-Centered AI states that by 2021, yearly corporate investment in AI will have tripled from $79.6 billion to $276.1 billion globally.

The Rwandan government estimates that during the next five years, the ecosystem might be valued at $589 million.

For example, Cyizere stated that in addition to the significant scarcity of healthcare workers and the country’s ongoing battles with chronic disease, Rwanda also faces challenges with the accessibility and affordability of healthcare.

The collaboration between Rwanda and Babylon Holdings, also known locally as Babyl, which has introduced its AI-powered triage tool to further automate the healthcare system, is one of the options, he said.

Over 2.6 million patients have registered with the firm, and up to 4,000 consultations are completed each day.

“Improving the quality and accessibility of healthcare across the nation requires integrating such cutting-edge technology, like the AI-powered triage tool, into the current healthcare system,” Cyizere stated.

The Babyl contact center nurses are now using the solution to help them operate more productively and make better, faster decisions for their patients.

With the use of this tool, nurses may better understand their patients’ symptoms, ask the relevant questions, and get the information they need to make the best triage decision. The patient information gathered during the triage call is sent to the physician in the event that a follow-up appointment is required, which saves time for both the physician and the patient, according to Cyizere.

Some unresolved questions

Although the research and application of AI have the potential to significantly improve lives and livelihoods across the nation, experts have previously expressed worry that these prospects come with significant hazards.

According to Cyizere, this calls for thorough planning and design, as well as adherence to high ethical standards at every stage of the process, from the creation of the strategy to its operational execution.

“No one is fully qualified to speculate on the possible outcomes, particularly with regard to the average worker. However, we can see that technology is advancing quickly, so our job is to consider how to fairly handle this, he said.


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